Lines give birth to forms and shapes and are responsible for establishing a sense of harmony, contrast and unity (3 of the 7 principles) in a living space. They define shapes and act as visual guides of interior space. Lines are broadly categorized into three types – Horizontal, Vertical and Dynamic. While horizontal lines adorn structures likes tables, chairs and beds, vertical lines can be found on windows, doorways and almirahs. While horizontal lines add a safe and secure feeling to space, vertical lines emote free and expansive nature. Dynamic or angular lines, which are action-oriented add drama and can be seen on structures like stairs. An interior designer must know how to utilize these lines to define the forms, another important interior design element.

Elements of Design: Line

Formal or relaxed?

Stay a while or move along?

Use of line can set the tone and energy, and suggest how people interact with the space.

How designers use line

Line is a fundamental design element that can set a tone for your space.

Vertical lines: Formality, stability, dignity (elevator areas, security, hallways)

Horizontal lines: calm, peace, relaxation (spa, hallways)

Diagonal or zig-zag lines: action, excitement (gym, party room)

Curved lines – grace, comfort, movement (floor demarcation, furnishings, countertops or desks or bar, walls) to move the eye where you want it to go. curves make a path and also can obscure the size of an area, obscuring the ability of the eye to quickly size up the room.